Friday, April 10, 2015

Mohammad Mosaddegh - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Mohammad Mosaddegh - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia





Mohammad Mosaddegh or Mosaddiq[a] (Persianمُحَمَد مُصَدِق‎; IPA: [mohæmˈmæd(-e) mosædˈdeɣ];[b] 16 June 1882 – 5 March 1967), was an Iranian politician. He was the democratically elected[1][2][3] Prime Minister of Iran from 1951 until 1953, when his government was overthrown in a coup d'état orchestrated by the AmericanCentral Intelligence Agency and the British Secret Intelligence Service.[4][5]
An author, administrator, lawyer, prominent parliamentarian, his administration introduced a range of progressive social and political reforms such as social security, rent control, and land reforms.[6] His government's most notable policy, however, was the nationalization of the Iranian oil industry, which had been under British control since 1913 through the Anglo-Persian Oil Company (APOC / AIOC) (later British Petroleum and BP).[7]
Mosaddeq is regarded[by whom?] as the leading champion of secular democracy and resistance to foreign domination in Iran's modern history. Mosaddegh was removed from power in a coup on 19 August 1953, organised and carried out by the CIA at the request of MI6, which chose Iranian General Fazlollah Zahedi to succeed Mosaddegh.[8]
While the coup is commonly referred to as Operation Ajax[9] after its CIA cryptonym, in Iran it is referred to as the 28 Mordad 1332 coup, after its date on the Iranian calendar.[10] Mosaddegh was imprisoned for three years, then put under house arrest until his death and was buried in his own home so as to prevent a political furor.
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